For many decades, the Philippines` ROTC program has been an imperative aspect that has influenced the lives of young men, which many despise and even question if it is relevant to a university education. It was also a significant contribution to corruption and abuse in the ranks of the subject, as Mark Welson Lhua discovered before being assassinated by his ROTC officers. But without the public`s knowledge, the ROTC program went through many unrecunrected name changes, such as in the 1960s until the mid-1970s, it was called “Philippine Military Training” or PMT, then from the late 1970s to the early 1990s, it was called “Citizen Military Training” or CMT, and initial training did not begin until the mid-1970s, As cadets who wanted to become cadet officers, they did what is called the Cadet Officers Candidate Course. Rotc-student cadets attend university like other students, but also receive basic military training and officer training from the branch that runs their school`s ROTC unit. During the school year, students participate in regular ROTC courses (one school year for ROTC basic cadets and three years for Advance ROTC cadet officers) and extended summer training activities, such as ROTC Summer Camp Training (RSCT) and Advance ROTC Amiccade Phase Training (ARAPT). In February 2017, President Rodrigo Duterte approved the proposal to revitalize the mandatory nature of ROTC training for high school students in public and private schools. Duterte confirmed the proposal as urgent and forwarded it to the Congress of the Philippines – House of Representatives (House of Commons) and Senate (Upper House). [25] On May 21, 2019, the House of Commons passed its version of the bill. [26] Some camps criticized Dutertes` inclination on this issue for admitting, in a 2016 speech, that he had not completed his alleged rotc service during his academic period,[27] and stated two years later that he had even falsified medical documents in order to do so. [28] [29] [30] Normally, students who follow the ROTC training follow a four-year course at the institution concerned, consisting of two years of core courses during the first year and sophomore years and an advanced course during the junior and senior years.

Students who accept ROTC scholarships are generally subject to a service obligation, depending on the benefit plan in question. Members of the House of Representatives of the 16th Congress of the Philippines have submitted at least six bills related to the ROTC program. Congressmen Francis Abaya,[19] Rodolfo Biazon,[20] Erico Aumentado,[21] Sherwin Gatchalian[22] and Manny Pacquiao[23] proposed to restore the mandatory nature of the ROTC party, while Terry Ridon,[24] a representative of the Kabataan party list,24 proposed the complete abolition of the program. Stanford currently has cross-enrollment agreements for the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) with the Navy and Marine Corps ROTC program at the University of California, Berkeley, the Army ROTC program at Santa Clara University, and the Air Force ROTC program at San Jose State University. The purpose of these agreements is to allow Stanford students to participate in military training while they work on their Stanford degrees. ROTC program courses are offered from and through UC Berkeley, Santa Clara, and San Jose State. Courses do not qualify for the 12-unit requirement for full-time registration status or for the satisfactory academic progress requirements for Stanford students. Some ROTC courses may be used as transfer credits if they qualify in accordance with Stanford`s transfer credit practices. – those who are not physically or psychologically fit; – those who have undergon or are undergoing similar military training; – Those chosen by their school to serve the different players of the school in sports competition; – Those who, for valid reasons approved by the Ministry of Defence, may be exempted from training on the recommendation of an educational institution in which the student in question is enrolled.. .

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